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Awake: A Moslem Woman’s Rare Memoir of Her Life and Partnership with the Editor of Molla Nasreddin, the Most Influential Satirical Journal of the Caucasus and Iran, 1907–1931

The marriage between Hamideh Khanum, the daughter of a leading aristocratic Azerbaijani family, and Mirza Jalil Mamadqulizadeh, founder and editor of the renowned satirical journal Molla Nasreddin, was a union of like-minded spirits. Both wanted to educate their community in the first quarter of the 20th century, during a period of great turmoil in their country. [read more>>]

Agriculture in Qajar Iran

Agriculture in Qajar Iran

Agriculture was the mainstay of Iran’s economy in the nineteenth century, yet little is known about it. Historians have rarely taken that important reality into account when writing on the economic or social history of that period, and until now there have been no comprehensive studies of Iranian agriculture. [read more>>]

Astrakhan: Anno 1770, Its History, Geography, Population, Trade, Flora, Fauna and Fisheries

Astrakhan: Anno 1770, Its History, Geography, Population, Trade, Flora, Fauna and Fisheries

In 1770, Astrakhan, on the left bank of the Volga River close to where it discharges into the Caspian Sea, was Russia’s most important southern port through which all its trade with Iran and the Orient was conducted. [read more>>]