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Agriculture in Qajar Iran

Agriculture in Qajar Iran

Agriculture was the mainstay of Iran’s economy in the nineteenth century, yet little is known about it. Historians have rarely taken that important reality into account when writing on the economic or social history of that period, and until now there have been no comprehensive studies of Iranian agriculture. [read more>>]

Labor & Industry in Iran: 1850 -1941

Labor & Industry in Iran: 1850 -1941

In the nineteenth century, Iranian reformers wanted to create an independent, modern state that could stand on its own feet. However, constrained by foreign influence, ignorance, and inexperience, their efforts at industrialization were an expensive failure. [read more>>]