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The Persian Gulf: The Hula Arabs of The Shibkuh Coast of Iran

The Persian Gulf: The Hula Arabs of The Shibkuh Coast of Iran

Little is known about the Arab migrants who settled on the Iranian coast between Bushehr and Lengeh in the late 1500s. They were a disparate group of small tribes of sailors, traders, fishermen, pearl divers, and cultivators. Although they were all referred to as the Bani Hula, they were not a uniform group. In fact, they were each other’s fiercest competitors for access to the pearl banks. [read more>>]

The Persian Gulf: Bandar Abbas, The Natural Trade Gateway of Southeast Iran

The Persian Gulf: Bandar Abbas, The Natural Trade Gateway of Southeast Iran

Bandar Abbas, once a small fishing village, became the gateway port for Iran after Shah Abbas defeated the Portuguese in 1622. However, with the fall of the Safavids and the withdrawal of the British East India Company in 1759 the port went into decline; by 1793 Bandar Abbas was under the direct control of Oman. In 1869 Iran had to resort to force of arms to take it back from Oman. [read more>>]